Interesting facts about beer
How to make it?
Before brewing beer, you need to prepare malt. Malt is the main source of sugar, and also gives beer its typical color. Malt color predetermines the final beer color.
The next stage is wort making. To do this, crush the malt. If necessary, mix it with corn, rice, barley or wheat. This mixture (a so-called "mash") is filled with hot water and left for a while. Following this, the wort is filtered and boiled with hops. Certain beer types require extra ingredients (spices, herbs or fruits) to be added aside from hops.
The next stage is fermentation. Wort is poured into special tanks to which beer yeast will be also added. After the beer has fermented, you can already drink it. They call this beer young or green.
This is followed by the maturation stage. Beer continues to ferment: lagers are post-fermented at a temperature of 6-12 C, while ales and unfiltered beer at 15-25 C.
The last stage is filtering. At this stage, beer fines down and looks nice. Unfiltered beer, which skips this stage, is more cloudy, but it contains more useful substances.
A liter of good beer contains
- 0.2 mg of B3 vitamin;
- 0.3 mg of B6 vitamin;
- 6.5 mg of PP vitamin.
Beer contains 21 types of protein amino acids, phosphorus, and a good deal of minerals.
What do the percentage numbers on beer labels mean?
Beer labels usually have two digits written on them: one of them is for density, the other is for strength. The percentage of density indicates the amount of sugar per liter of beer wort. For example, 12% means that one liter of beer wort contains 120 g of sugar. The denser the beer, the richer the taste and aftertaste of that beverage. As for beer strength, we all know what it means without further explanation.
A few misconceptions about beer
- Beer has a lot of calories. Wrong!
There aren't many calories in beer..
- Tap beer is often diluted. But not here!
In fact, the tradition of diluting beer is a thing of the past. In a modern restaurant, beer is stored in leak-tight kegs.
- Tap beer works "well” in the heat. Not only that!
In the heat, light beers are especially pleasant to drink, while dark and dense draft beer are perfect beverages in cold weather.
How to drink it?
It is believed that light beer is better drunk in summer, and dark in winter. To make the beer taste optimum, it should be poured from a height of 2.5 cm from the mug or glass edge, in no case pouring it along the mug wall. After pouring, you need to pause and wait until the foam thickens, and then top up the beer. Tradition says that for the first go you should drink half of the mug content, for the second go – half of the remaining beer, and then drain the mug to the bottom.
The best temperature for beer is from +3 to +15 degrees. If to overcool beer, e.g. by putting it in the freezer, it can become cloudy and lose some of its taste properties, and too warm beer does not act refreshing. It is common to cool dark beer not much, to + 15. Strong lager beers should be served stronger chilled.
And the hops of the Fatherland are sweet and pleasant to us…
Brewing in Russia has long-standing traditions. As far back as in the ancient chronicles there are mentions of an "overbrew" – a moderately strong drink that our ancestors made from beer and honey. During the reign of Ivan III, beer and grain wine were sold in Tsar's taverns.
In Novgorod at the beginning of the 18th century a simple beer bucket cost 4 altyns, i.e. 12 kopecks. Under Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich a barrel of beer was sold for 4 rubles. Four times a year, on major holidays, peasants were allowed to brew beer for home drinking themselves. Such festive feasts were called "special beer" time. Home-brewed beer was allowed for three days. On the fourth day, the head of the tavern came and impressed the remaining beer with a seal until the next holiday.
Cheerful mind due to tap beer
Remarkably, it is regarded as an antidepressant in Scandinavia.
Tap beer has a particularly beneficial effect on mood. It was beer poured from barrels that our ancestors valued, and for good reason.
Progress is naturally a good thing, and it's nice to have a can of beer in the fridge with a long shelf life in store... but real beer is tap beer all the same.
Why are beer mugs now made transparent?
Everyone knows that free cheese is only available in a mousetrap. There was a time in good old-fashioned England when this rule also applied to beer.
Military service was a freewill choice at that time, but the volunteers were few. A recruit who agreed to enlist His Royal Majesty was entitled to an advance of one shilling and a free beer. The inventive recruiters came up with a trick: they found a beer drinker for free and offered him to raise a glass and deliver a loyal speech. And a shilling was put on the bottom of the mug: you couldn't get it until emptying a mug. This way, both a pledge was delivered and a shilling was received.
Since then, the most popular beer mugs are transparent, so you can look it through the light and check for any eventual trick on bottom.
There is another, less lyrical yet no less convincing version about the transparency of mugs. The point is that in ancient times, all beer was unfiltered and, therefore, quite cloudy. However, after the adoption of the 1516 Law in Bavaria, all beer was made by bottom fermentation. The beer has acquired its famous amber color. In order for foam drink lovers to enjoy the color and clarity of beer, it began to be served in transparent mugs.
What should beer foam be like? If the beer is really high-quality, the foam head should persist for at least 5 min and be no thinner than 4 cm. In the Czech Republic, there is even a special "test" for a beer head: it is believed that the "right" beer must have a head to hold the Czech coin put on it.
The University of Copenhagen has conducted research on how music factors into beer digestion. It turned out that strong dark varieties should be drunk to high-pitched music, and soft light ones should be drunk to low-pitched melodies. P. Cheicher, a lecturer at a music school in Philadelphia, composed the "Beer Symphony." Musical themes are represented in this composition by the sounds of ... beer being poured into various materials: ceramic, glass and iron mugs. Beer lovers like this kind of music. But musical critics did not approve the symphony. "The professor clearly understands beer better than music," they said. There is also another "beer" symphony. Its author is P. Chihara, a professor at the Los Angeles Conservatory. Solo instruments in it are beer bottles, mugs and the beer itself.
Ladies prefer ... beer!
The common view that beer is not a female drink is not true. On the contrary, beer contains substances that are useful for the female hormonal system. Besides, a glass of beer once daily is a great beauty product: it will add better complexion and reduce wrinkles. Unsurprisingly, women are increasingly opting for beer and are more and more willing to go to beer restaurants. In addition, this is a great place where you can meet a cute gentleman.
Another important detail for ladies: beer is low in calories. People gain weight not from beer, but from all of those delicacies consumed together with it.
On the other hand, beer has a certain effect on body shape. Back in 1541, a certain Johann Zaugfrus, the court pharmacist of Duke William of Bavaria, wrote his "Treatise on Beer". He specifically advised women to rub beer foam into the skin of their faces and breasts. This was supposed to protect the face from wrinkles and make the breasts more perky.
An interesting question: what is the true nature of this drink?
The Research Institute of Drug Addiction of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation conducted a study of the chemical composition, nutritional value and biological action of present-day beer. Let us not overload the article with special definitions and terms, let us just share the main results of this analysis. According to it, "if you consume beer moderately, it won't be harmful at all. It has high doses of B, B2 and PP vitamins. It is the only alcoholic beverage containing hop bitterness, stimulating gastric juice release and suppressing unwanted effects of alcohol. Hops extractives have a soothing, analgesic, and even disinfecting effect."
Doctors also concluded that "beer has a pronounced biological effect. At the same time, its toxic and beneficial, health-useful effects are combined fantastically. The mechanisms of toxic action of ethyl alcohol and other beer components are interrelated.